amd4700ge搭建all in one

all in boom

Posted by smilence86 on 2022-03-31 Viewed Times

家用AIO考虑24*7运行的电费成本需要低功耗cpu,找了半天选择amd4700ge,这u没有零售只有OEM直接淘宝。

配置清单:
CPU:AMD 4700ge 8核16线程 TDP 35瓦
风扇:玄冰风6铜管
主板: 微星MAG B550M MORTAR WIFI
内存:2 * 16G
固态:英睿达P5 1T
供电:850瓦全模组
UPS:SVC BX1450L
硬盘:4 * 西数紫盘8T(WD80PURX)

硬盘裸装win10,8核16线程适合多任务:

内存:

amd vega radeon集成显卡:

cpuz:

cpuz集成显卡:

cpu跑分:单线程533,多线程5300

待机功耗:

英睿达P5健康度:

英睿达P5读写测速:

内存8g,频率3000,鲁大师跑分:




接下来进入bios开启amd虚拟化,u盘安装pve,开启硬件直通,在虚拟机里测性能

在pve7以后可以直接在web界面关闭企业源,启用非生产环境源获得系统更新:


安装大礼包:

apt update
apt upgrade -y
apt install curl ufw lm-sensors apt-transport-https ca-certificates htop net-tools ethtool iperf3 vim git fail2ban -y

vim /etc/fail2ban/jail.conf, 把bantime改成60m
fail2ban-client status sshd

查看cpu当前工作频率:

watch -n 2 “cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep MHz”

查看cpu工作模式:

apt install cpufrequtils
cpufreq-info

设为节能模式:
bash -c ‘for ((i=0;i<$(nproc);i++)); do cpufreq-set -c $i -g powersave; done’

设为按需模式:
bash -c ‘for ((i=0;i<$(nproc);i++)); do cpufreq-set -c $i -g ondemand; done’

设为性能模式:
bash -c ‘for ((i=0;i<$(nproc);i++)); do cpufreq-set -c $i -g performance; done’

查看温度:

apt install lm-sensors
sensors

安装深色主题:

bash <(curl -s https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Weilbyte/PVEDiscordDark/master/PVEDiscordDark.sh ) install

安装pvetools扩展功能:

https://github.com/ivanhao/pvetools

安装ufw防火墙

apt install ufw
ufw status
ufw allow 22/tcp
ufw enable
ufw allow 8006/tcp
ufw allow 4000/tcp
iptables -L

增大虚拟内存 —— swap交换分区

根目录创建一个32g文件
dd if=/dev/zero of=/swapfile bs=1M count=32768
修改权限:
chown root:root /swapfile
chmod 0600 /swapfile

mkswap /swapfile
swapon /swapfile

修改/etc/fstab,把/dev/pve/swap改成/swapfile

iperf3测速

pve宿主机作为server: iperf3 -s -p 4000
pve虚拟ubuntu作为client: iperf3 -p 4000 -c 192.168.2.150

pve待机功耗:

跟裸装win10待机功耗一样,都是20瓦。

pve虚拟一台win10待机功耗:

多3瓦。

pve虚拟win10,cpu类型选host,分配所有线程跑分:

分数很接近裸装win10,性能损失3%左右。

pve虚拟win10,磁盘为IDE测速:

pve虚拟win10,磁盘为SCSI测速:

显而易见,应该选择SCSI作为虚拟机磁盘格式。

但选择SCSI安装win10不能识别磁盘,需要加载驱动:


解决直通分组问题:
https://pve.proxmox.com/wiki/Pci_passthrough#AMD_CPU

https://mechanical-consciousness.com/2020/03/20/kvm-gpu-passthrough.html

https://post.smzdm.com/p/alpwlzvp/

分组前,尝试给win10直通2张显卡:

由上图可见,安装2张显卡后3070跟主板2.5G网卡的分组都是9,把3070直通给win10整个pve宿主机都断网失控,这时就要对PCI设备分组

分组后3070变成17,2.5G网卡变成20:

甚至板载AX200无线网卡也分了新的组19,之后就可以进行正常直通。

测试显卡挖矿,直通后性能没有损失,跟裸装一样:

pve虚拟openwrt,cpu类型选host,分配所有线程跑分:

pve虚拟debian作为server: iperf3 -s -p 4000
pve虚拟ubuntu作为client: iperf3 -p 4000 -c 192.168.2.103

pve虚拟2台win10,互拷文件:

意外断电

把ups的usb直通给win10-miner:

停电后立马关机减轻电源负担:




bash脚本自动关机,pve会先关掉所有vm再关宿主机,前提是每个vm都安装了qemu-guest-agent:
mkdir -p /root/shutdown
cd /root/shutdown
vim shutdown.sh

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#!/bin/sh

# apt install curl -y

ip="192.168.2.x" # ip which will detecting
time=30 # interval time of detecting (seconds)
triedCount=12 # try count
failCount=0 # failed count

chat_id=""
telegramToken=""

path="/root/shutdown/"

while true
do
date=`date +%Y-%m-%d`
logfile=$path$date'.log'

hostname=hostname
echo "Detected hostname: `${hostname}`" >> $logfile

notification="curl -X POST --header 'Content-Type: application/json' --data-raw '{\"chat_id\":\"$chat_id\",\"text\":\"`$hostname` is shutting down.\"}' -m 10 https://api.telegram.org/bot$telegramToken/sendMessage"
# eval $notification

now=`date +%Y-%m-%d\ %H:%M:%S`
# if ping $ip -4 -c 2 | grep 'time=' > $path'temp.log'
if ping $ip -4 -c 2 | grep 'time=' >> $logfile
then
echo $now 'ping success' $failCount >> $logfile
failCount=0
else
failCount=`expr $failCount + 1`
echo $now 'ping failed' $failCount >> $logfile
if test $failCount -ge $triedCount
then
echo $now 'execute shutdown' >> $logfile
eval $notification
shutdown -h now
fi
fi
sleep $time
done

原理:pve每隔30秒ping一次192.168.2.x,累积达到12次(6分钟)则触发关机动作,关机前给自己telegram机器人发消息并记录日志,当然弱电箱光猫、路由器、交换机也有ups续命。

vim /etc/rc.loacl

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#!/bin/bash

cd /root/shutdown/ && nohup ./shutdown.sh > /dev/null 2>&1 &

#exit 0

chmod +x /etc/rc.loacl
reboot


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